Preliminary Environmental History Bibliography: The Environmental History of Pre-Modern Eurasia – A Very Short Bibliography


Adger, W., “Social and Ecological Resilience: Are they Related?” Prog. Hum. Geogr. 24 (2000), 347–364.

Akgöz, Murat, and Muhsin Eren, ‘Traces of Earthquakes in the Caves: Sakarlak Ponor and Kepez Cave, Mersin, (Southern Turkey)’, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 77 (2015), 63–74

Aldrich, Daniel P., Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012)

Alexander, David, ‘The Study of Natural Disasters, 1977–97: Some Reflections on a Changing Field of Knowledge’, Disasters, 21 (1997), 284–304

Ambraseys, N. N., ‘Earthquakes and Archaeology’, Journal of Archaeological Science, 33 (2006), 1008–16

Ambraseys, N. N., ‘The Seismic Activity in Syria and Palestine during the Middle of the 8th Century; an Amalgamation of Historical Earthquakes’, Journal of Seismology, 9 (2005), 115–25

Ambraseys, Nicholas, Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009)

Appuhn, K., “Inventing Nature: Forests, Forestry, and State Power in Renaissance Venice” The Journal of Modern History 72 (2000), 861–889.

Appuhn, K., A Forest on the Sea: Environmental Expertise in Renaissance Venice (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009).

Arjava, A., “The Mystery Cloud of 536 CE in the Mediterranean Sources” Dumbarton Oak Papers 59 (2005), 73-94.

Arnold, E., “An Introduction to Medieval Environmental History” History Compass 6 (2008), 898-916.

Arnold, E., Negotiating the Landscape: Environment and Monastic Identity in the Medieval Ardennes (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012).

Athanasiadis, N., et al., “Palynological Study of Holocene Sediments from Lake Doirani in Northern Greece” J. Paleolimnol. 24 (2000), 331–342.

Ayalon, Yaron, Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

Baillie, M., “Dendrochronology Raises Questions about the Nature of the 536 Dust-Veil Event” The Holocene 4 (1994), 212-217.

Baillie, M., “Proposed Re-Dating of the European Ice Core Chronology by Seven Years Prior to the 7th Century AD” Geophysical Research Letters 35 (2008), L15813.

Bakker, J., et al., “Numerically Derived Evidence for Late-Holocene Climate Change and its Impact on Human Presence in the Southwest Taurus Mountains, Turkey’ The Holocene 22 (2012), 425–438.

Belcastro, M. et al, “Leprosy in a Skeleton from the 7th Century Necropolis of Vicenne-Campochiaro” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 15 (2005), 431-448

Belke, K., et al eds., Byzanz als Raum. Zu Methoden und Inhalten der historischen Geographie des östlichen Mittelmeerraumes in Mittelalter (Vienna, 2000).

Benedictow, O., The Black Death, 1346-1353: The Complete History (Boydell & Brewer, 2004).

Benito G., et al, “Magnitude and Frequency of Flooding in the Tagus Basin (Central Spain) over the Last Millennium” Climatic Change 58 (2003), pp. 171-192.

Benito I Monclús, P. “Famines sans frontières en occident avant la 'conjoncture de 1300:' À propos d'une enquête en cours” in M. Bourin and J. Drendel eds., Les disettes dans la conjoncture de 1300 en Méditerranée occidentale (École française de Rome, 2011), 37-86.

Blondiaux, J., et al, “Epidemiology of Tuberculosis: A 4th to 12th c. AD Picture in a 2498-Skeleton Series from Northern France” in Gyorgy Pakfi et al eds., Tuberculosis: Past and Present (Budapest, 1999), 519-530.

Boldsen, J., “Leprosy in the Early Medieval Lauchheim Community” American Journal of Physical anthropology 135 (2008), 301-310.

Bony, Guénaëlle, Nick Marriner, Christophe Morhange, David Kaniewski, and Doğan Perinçek, ‘A High-Energy Deposit in the Byzantine Harbour of Yenikapı, Istanbul (Turkey)’, Quaternary International, Geoarchaeology of Egypt and the Mediterranean: reconstructing Holocene landscapes and human occupation history, 266 (2012), 117–30

Bork R. ed., De Re Metallica: The Uses of Metal in the Middle Ages (Ashgate, 2005).

Bottema, S., et al, “Late Quaternary Vegetation History of Northern Turkey” Palaeohistoria 35 (1993), 13–72.

Bradley, R. Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary. (Third edition: Elsevier, 2014).

Braudel, F. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (Harper & Row, 1972).

Brazdil R., et al, “Historical Climatology in Europe – The State of the Art” Climatic Change 70 (2005), 363-430.

Briffa, K., “Annual Climate Variability in the Holocene: Interpreting the Message of Ancient Trees” Quaternary Science Reviews 19 (2000), 87-105.

Brumfield, A., “Agriculture and Rural Settlement in Ottoman Crete, 1669–1898” in U. Baram and L. Carroll eds., A Historical Archaeology of the Ottoman Empire (Springer, 2002), 37–78.

Bryer, A., “Rural Society in Matzouka” in A. Bryer and H. Lowry eds., Continuity and Change in Late Byzantine and Early Ottoman Society (Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1986), 53–95

Bulliet, R., Cotton, Climate, and Camels in Early Islamic Iran : A Moment in World History. (Columbia University Press, 2009).

Bulmus, Birsen, Plague, Quarantines and Geopolitics in the Ottoman Empire (Edinburgh University Press, 2012)

Büntgen U., et al., "2500 Years of European Climate Variability and Human Susceptibility" Science 331 (2011), 578-582.

Büntgen, Ulf, Vladimir S. Myglan, Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, Michael McCormick, Nicola Di Cosmo, Michael Sigl, and others, ‘Cooling and Societal Change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age from 536 to around 660 AD’, Nature Geoscience, 9 (2016), 231–36

Butzer, K. and Endfield, G., “Critical perspectives on historical collapse” Proceedings National Academy Science 109 (2012), 3628–31

Campbell, B., “Four Famines and a Pestilence: Harvest, Price, and Wage Variations in England, 13th to 19th Centuries” in B. Liljewall, et al eds., Agrarhistoria pa manga satt: 28 studier om manniskan och jorden. Fretskrift till Janken Myrdal pa hans 60-arsdag (KSLAB, 2009), 23-56.

Campbell, B., “Nature as Historical Protagonist: Economy and Society in Pre-Industrial England” Economic History Review 63 (2010), 283-314.

Campbell, B., English Seigniorial Agriculture, 1250-1450 (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Campbell, Bruce M.S., ‘Panzootics, Pandemics, and Climatic Anomalies in the Fourteenth Century’, in Beiträge Zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium, ed. by Bernd Herrmann (Göttingen: Göttingen University Press, 2011), mmxi, 177–215

Camuffo, D., and S. Enzi, ‘Locust Invasions and Climatic Factors from the Middle Ages to 1800’, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 43 (1991), 43–73

Carmichael, A., “Universal and Particular: The Language of Plague, 1348-1350” in V. Nutton ed., Pestilential Complexities: Understanding Medieval Plague (Wellcome Trust for the History of Medicine at University College London, 2008), 17-52.

Casana, Jesse, ‘Mediterranean Valleys Revisited: Linking Soil Erosion, Land Use and Climate Variability in the Northern Levant’, ResearchGate, 101 (2008), 429–42

Caseldine, C. and Turney, C., “The bigger picture: towards integrating palaeoclimate and environmental data with a history of societal change” Journal Quaternary Science 25 (2010), 88–93.

Cavert, W., ‘The Environmental Policy of Charles I: Coal Smoke and the English Monarchy, 1624–40’, Journal of British Studies 53 (2) (2014): 310–33.

Cavert, W., The Smoke of London: Energy and Environment in the Early Modern City (Cam­bridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016).

Chatteddu, I., Archéologie médiéval en France: Le premier moyen âge (Ve-XIe Siècles) (La Découverte, 2009).

Cheyette, F., “The Disappearance of the Ancient Landscape and the Climatic Anomaly of the Early Middle Ages: A Question to be Pursued" Early Medieval Europe 16 (2008), 127-165.

Churakova O., et al, “A Cluster of Stratospheric Volcanic Eruptions in the AD 530s Recorded in Siberian Tree Rings” Global and Planetary Change 122 (2014), 140-150.

Ciuccarelli, C., “First Historical Evidence of a Significant Mt. Etna Eruption in 1224" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178 (2008), 693-700.

Classen A. ed., Urban Space in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age (Walter de Gruyter, 2009).

Cohn, S. The Black Death Transformed: Disease and Culture in the early Renaissance (Oxford University Press, 2002).

Cohn, S., “The Black Death: End of a Paradigm” American Historical Review 107 (2002), 703-738.

Cohn, S., “The Epidemiology of the Black Death and Successive Waves of Plague” in V. Nutton ed., Pestilential Complexities: Understanding Medieval Plague (Wellcome Trust for the History of Medicine at University College London, 2008), 74-100.

Commito, Angela Rose, ‘Southern Asia Minor and Northwest Syria at the End of Antiquity: A View from the Countryside’ (University of Michigan, 2014)

Coney, A., ‘Fish, Fowl and Fen: Landscape Economy in Seventeenth-century Martin Mere’, Landscape History 14 (1992): 1–64.

Cooper R., et al, “A Tree-Ring Reconstruction of East Anglian (UK) Hydroclimate Variability over the Last Millennium” Climate Dynamics 40 (2013), 1019-1039.

Cooper, John, The Medieval Nile: Route, Navigation, and Landscape in Islamic Egypt (The American University in Cairo Press, 2014)

Cote, M. and A. Nightingale, “Resilience Thinking Meets Social Theory Situating Social Change in Socio-Ecological Systems (SES) Research” Progress in Human Geography 36 (2012), 475–489.

Crumley, C. Historical Ecology : Cultural Knowledge and Changing Landscapes (School of American Research Press, 1994).

Cunningham, A., “Identifying Disease in the Past: Cutting the Gordian Knot” Asclepio 54 (2002), 13-34.

Cunningham, A., “Transforming Plague: The Laboratory and the Identification of Infectious Disease” in A. Cunningham and P. Williams eds., The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine (Cambridge University Press, 1992), 209-244.

Dalby, A. et al, Geoponika: Farm Work: A Modern Translation of the Roman and Byzantine Farming Handbook (Prospect Books, 2011).

Davis, D. Resurrecting the Granary of Rome: Environmental History and French Colonial Expansion in North Africa. ( Ohio University Press, 2007).

Dean, J., et al, “Palaeo-Seasonality of the Last Two Millennia Reconstructed from the Oxygen Isotope Composition of Carbonates and Diatom Silica from Nar Gölü, Central Turkey” Quaternary Science Review 66 (2013), 35–44.

Dickinson, W., “Changing Times: The Holocene Legacy” Environmental History 5 (2000), 483-502.

Dols, M., The Black Death in the Middle East (Princeton University Press, 1977).

Drancourt M., et al, “Yersinia pestis orientalis in Remains of Ancient Plague Patients” Emerging Infectious Diseases 13 (2007), 332-333.

Dunn, A., “Continuity and Change in the Macedonian Countryside from Gallienus to Justinian” in W. Bowden and L. Lavan eds., Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside (Brill, 2003), 535–585.

Dusar, Bert, Gert Verstraeten, Bastiaan Notebaert, and Johan Bakker, ‘Holocene Environmental Change and Its Impact on Sediment Dynamics in the Eastern Mediterranean’, Earth-Science Reviews, 108 (2011), 137–57

Eastwood, W., “Palaeoecology and Eastern Mediterranean Landscapes: Theoretical and Practical Approaches” in J. Haldon ed., General Issues in the Study of Medieval Logistics: Sources, Problems, and Methodologies (Brill, 2006), 119-158.

Eastwood, W., et al, “Holocene Climate Change in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Comparison of Stable Isotope and Pollen Data from Lake Gölhisar, Southwest Turkey” Journal Quaternary Science 22 (2007), 327–341.

Ellenblum, R., The Collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean: Climate Change and the Decline of the East, 950–1072 (Cambridge University Press, 2012).

England, A., et al, “Historical Landscape Change in Cappadocia (central Turkey): A Palaeoecological Investigation of Annually-Laminated Sediments from Nar Lake” The Holocene 18 (2008), 1229–45.

Ertem, Özge, ‘Eating the Last Seed: Famine, Empire, Survival and Order in Ottoman Anatolia in the Late 19th Century’, 2012 <> [accessed 12 February 2017]

Ferris D., et al., “South Pole Ice Core Record of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions in the 1st and 2nd Millennium AD and Evidence of a Large Eruption in the Tropics around 535AD” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 116 (2011), D17308.

Folke, C., “Resilience: The Emergence of a Perspective for Social-Ecological Systems Analyses” Global Environmental Change 16 (2006), 253–267.

Francke, A., et al., “A Late Glacial to Holocene Record of Environmental Change from Lake Dojran (Macedonia, Greece)” Climate of the Past 9 (2013), 481–498.

Franklin, P., “Malaria in Medieval Gloucestershire: An Essay in Epidemiology” Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 101 (1983), 111-122.

Gallia P. and J. Nasoa, "Unmasking the 1349 Earthquake Source (Southern Italy): Palaeoseismological and Archaeoseismological Indications from the Aquae Juliae Fault" Journal of Structural Geology 31 (2009), 128-149.

Galloway, J., “Storm Flooding, Coastal Defence and Land Use around the Thames Estuary and Tidal River c.1250-1450” Journal of Medieval History 35 (2009), pp. 171-188.

Galloway, J., et al, “Fuelling the City: Production and Distribution of Firewood and Fuel in London's Region" Economic History Review 49 (1996), 447-472.

Gao, Chaochao, Alan Robock, and Caspar Ammann, ‘Volcanic Forcing of Climate over the Past 1500 Years: An Improved Ice Core-Based Index for Climate Models’, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 113 (2008), D23111

Garnsey, P., “Famine in History” in W. Scheidel ed., Cities, Peasants and Food in Classical Antiquity: Essays in Social and Economic History (Cambridge University Press, 1998), 272-292.

Gerasimidis, A., “Palynological Evidence for Human Influence on the Vegetation of Mountain Regions in Northern Greece: The Case of Lailias, Serres” in P. Halstead and C. Frederick eds., Landscape and Land Use in Postglacial Greece 3 (Sheffield University Press, 2000), 28–37.

Gillmor, C., “The 791 Equine Pestilence and its Impact on Charlemagne’s Army” Journal of Medieval Military History 3 (2005), 23-45.

Glaser R., and D. Riemann, "A Thousand-Year Record of Temperature Variations for Germany and Central Europe based on Documentary Data" Journal of Quaternary Science 24 (2009), 437-449.

Göktürk, O., et al., “Climate on the Southern Black Sea Coast during the Holocene: Implications from the Sofular Cave Record” Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (2011), 2433–2445.

Gowland R., and A. Western, “Morbidity in the Marshes: Using Spatial Epidemiology to Investigate Skeletal Evidence for Malaria in Anglo-Saxon England (AD 410-1050)” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147 (2012), 301-311.

Graham N., et al, “Support for Global Climate Reorganization during the ‘Medieval Climate Anomaly’” Climate Dynamics 37 (2011), 1217-1245.

Grayman, Walter M., ‘Water-Related Disasters: A Review and Commentary’, Frontiers of Earth Science, 5 (2011), 371–77 <>

Green, S. “The Agricultural Colonization of Temperate Forest Habitats: An Ecological Model” in W. Savage Jr. and S. Thompson eds., The Frontier: Comparative Studies (University of Oklahoma Press, 1970), 69-103.

Griggs, C., et al., “A Regional High-Frequency Reconstruction of May–June Precipitation in the North Aegean from Oak Tree Rings, A.D. 1089–1989” International Journal of Climatology 27 (2007), 1075–1089.

Grove, A. and O. Rackham. The Nature of Mediterranean Europe: An Ecological History (Yale University Press, 2001).

Guidoboni, Emanuela, and Alberto Comastri, Catalogue of Earthquakes and Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Area from the 11th to the 15th Century (Rome: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 2005)

Guidoboni, Emanuela, and John E. Ebel, Earthquakes and Tsunamis in the Past: A Guide to Techniques in Historical Seismology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009)

Guidoboni, Emanuela, Catalogue of Ancient Earthquakes in the Mediterranean Area Up to the 10th Century (Rome: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica, 1994)

Guiot, J., “A Robust Spatial Reconstruction of April to September Temperature in Europe: Comparisons between the Medieval Period and the Recent Warming with a Focus on Extreme Values” Global and Planetary Change 84 (2012), pp. 14-22.

Haensch S., et al, “Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death” PLoS Pathogens 6 (2010), e1001134.

Haldon, J., “‘Cappadocia will be Given Over to Ruin and Become a Desert:’ Environmental Evidence for Historically-Attested Events in the 7th-10th Centuries” in K. Belke ed., Byzantina Mediterranea: Festschrift für Johannes Koder zum 65. Geburtstag (Wien, 2007), 215–230.

Haldon, J., et al, “The Climate and Environment of Byzantine Anatolia: Integrating Science, History, and Archaeology” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 45 (2014), 113-161.

Hanawalt, B., and Kiser, L., (eds), Engaging with Nature: Essays on the Natural World in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008).

Harbeck, M., et al, “Yersinia pestis DNA from Skeletal Te sins from the 6th Century AD Reveals insights into Justinianic Plague” PLoS Pathogens 9 (2013), e1003349.

Heinrich, I., et al., “Winter-to-Spring Temperature Dynamics in Turkey Derived from Tree Rings since AD 1125” Climate Dynamics 41 (2013), 1685–1701.

Hirschfeld, Y., “A Climatic Change in the Early Byzantine Period? Some Archaeological Evidence” Palest. Explor. Q. 136 (2004), 133–149.

Hoffmann, R., “A Brief History of Aquatic Resource Use in Medieval Europe” Helgoland Marine Research 59 (2005), 22-30.

Hoffmann, R., “A Longer View: Is Industrial Metabolism Really the Problem?” Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences 14 (2001), 143-155.

Hoffmann, R., “Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe” American Historical Review 101 (1996), 631-669.

Hoffmann, R., “Footprint Metaphor and Metabolic Realities: Environmental Impacts of Medieval European Cities” in P. Squatriti, ed., Natures Past: The Environment and Human History (University of Michigan Press, 2007), 288-325.

Hoffmann, R., “Frontier Foods for Late Medieval Consumers: Culture, Economy, Ecology" Environment and History 7 (2001), 131-167.

Hoffmann, R., An Environmental History of Medieval Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2014), 1-50.

Holt, R., “Medieval England’s Water-Related Technologies” in P. Squatriti ed., Working with Water in Medieval Europe: Technology and Resource Use (Brill, 2000), 51-100.

Horden, P., “Mediterranean Plague in the Age of Justinian” in M. Mass ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian (Cambridge University Press, 2005), 134-160.

Horden, P., and N. Purcell, The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Hufthammer, A., and L. Walløe, “Rats Cannot have been Intermediate Hosts for Yersinia pestis during Medieval Plague Epidemics in Northern Europe” Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (2012), pp. 1752-1759.

Hughes, J., What is Environmental History? (Polity Press, 2006).

İslamoğlu-İnan, H., State and Peasant in the Ottoman Empire : Agrarian Power Relations and Regional Economic Development in Ottoman Anatolia during the Sixteenth Century (Brill, 1994).

Izdebski, A., “The changing landscapes of Byzantine Northern Anatolia” Archaeol. Bulg. 16 (2012), 47–66.

Izdebski, A., “Why Did Agriculture Flourish in the Late Antique East? The Role of Climate Fluctuations in the Development and Contraction of Agriculture in Asia Minor and the Middle East from the 4th till the 7th c. AD” Millenium Jahrb. zu Kult. Gesch. Ersten Jahrtausends N Chr 8 (2011), 291–312

Izdebski, A., A Rural Economy in Transition. Asia Minor from Late Antiquity into the Early Middle Ages (Journal of Juristic Papyrology Supplement Series 18, Taubenschlag Foundation, 2013).

Izdebski, A., et al, “Exploring Byzantine and Ottoman Economic History with the Use of Palynological Data: A Quantitative Approach” Jahrbuch Der österreichischen Byzantinistik (2015), forthcoming.

J. Landers, The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-Industrial West (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

J.-P. Devroey, Économie rurale et société dans l'Europe franque (VIe-IXe siècles) (Belin, 2003).

Jex, C., et al., “A 500yr Speleothem-Derived Reconstruction of Late Autumn–Winter Precipitation, Northeast Turkey” Quaternary Research 75 (2011), 399–405.

Jones, P., et al, "High-Resolution Palaeoclimatology of the Last Millennium: A Review of Current Status and Future Prospects" The Holocene 19 (2009), 3-49.

Jones, P., et al., “Cool North European Summers and Possible Links to Explosive Volcanic Eruptions” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, (2013), 6259-6265

Jordan, W., The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century (Princeton University Press, 1996).

Jørgensen, D., “Cooperative Sanitation: Managing Streets and Gutters in Late medieval England and Scandinavia” Technology and Culture 49 (2008), 547-567.

Kaniewski, D., “Drought is a Recurring Challenge in the Middle East” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (2012), 3862–3867.

Kaniewski, D., E. Van Campo, E. Paulissen, H. Weiss, T. Otto, J. Bakker, and others, ‘Medieval Coastal Syrian Vegetation Patterns in the Principality of Antioch’, The Holocene, 21 (2011), 251–62

Kaniewski, D., et al, “A High-Resolution Late Holocene Landscape Ecological History Inferred from an Intramontane Basin in the Western Taurus Mountains, Turkey” Quaternary Science Review 26 (2007), 2201–2218.

Karakhanian, A. S., V. G. Trifonov, T. P. Ivanova, A. Avagyan, M. Rukieh, H. Minini, and others, ‘Seismic Deformation in the St. Simeon Monasteries (Qal’at Sim’an), Northwestern Syria’, Tectonophysics, Earthquake Geology: Methods and Applications, 453 (2008), 122–47

Kelly, G., “Ammianus and the Great Tsunami” The Journal of Roman Studies 94 (2004), 141-167.

Kershaw, I., “The Great Famine and Agrarian Crisis in England 1315-1322” Past and Present 59 (1973), 3-50.

Keyser, R., “The Transformation of Traditional Woodland Management: Commercial Sylviaculture in Medieval Champagne” French Historical Studies 32 (2009), 353-384.

Kjellström, A., “Possible Cases of Leprosy and Tuberculosis in Medieval Sigtuna, Sweden” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22 (2012), pp. 261-283.

Knoll, M., and R. Reith (eds), An Environmental History of the Early Modern Period: Experi­ments and Perspectives (Berlin: Lit, 2014).

Knottnerus, O., “Malaria around the North Sea: A Survey” in G. Wefer et al eds., Climatic Development and History of the North Atlantic Realm (Springer Verlag, 2002), 339-353.

Koder, J., “Climatic Change in the Fifth and Sixth Centuries?” Byzantina Austral. 10 (1996), 270–285.

Koder, J., “Historical aspects of a recession of cultivated land at the end of the late antiquity in the east Mediterranean” in Evaluation of Land Surfaces Cleared from Forests in the Mediterranean Region during the Time of the Roman Empire (Stuttgart, 1994), 157–167.

Koder, J., Der Lebensraum der Byzantiner: historisch-geographischer Abriß ihres mittelalterlichen Staates im östlichen Mittelmeerraum (Graz, 1984).

Köse, N., et al. “An Improved Reconstruction of May–June Precipitation using Tree-Ring Data from Western Turkey and its Links to Volcanic Eruptions” International Journal of Biometeorology 57 (2013), 691–701.

Kouli, K., ‘Vegetation Development and Human Activities in Attiki (SE Greece) during the Last 5,000 years” Vegetation History Archaeobotany 21 (2012), 267–278.

Kraker, A., ‘Ice and Water: The Removal of Ice on Waterways in the Low Countries, 1330–1800’, Water History (2016), DOI 10.1007/s12685–016–1052–3 (open access with no page numbers).

Kress, A., “Swiss Tree Rings Reveal Warm and Wet Summers during Medieval Times” Geophysical Research Letters  (2014), 1732-1737.

Kuniholm, P., et al. “A 2367-Year Oak Tree-Ring Chronology from 98 Sites for the Aegean, East Mediterranean and Black Sea: The Marmaray Contribution” Ancient Near Eastern Studies (2015), forthcoming.

Kuzucuoğlu, C., et al. “Mid- to Late-Holocene Climate Change in Central Turkey: The Tecer Lake Record” The Holocene 21 (2011), 173 –188.

Lamb, H., ‘The Early Medieval Warm Epoch and its Sequel” Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 1 (1965), 13-37.

Lamb, H., “Reconstructing the Climatic Patterns of the Historical Past” Endeavour 33 (1974), 40-47.

Lamb, H., Climate: Present, Past and Future, Vol. 1 (London, 1972).

Lamb, H., Climate: Present, Past and Future, Vol. 2 (London, 1977).

Larsen, L., et al, “New Ice Core Evidence for a Volcanic Cause of the A.D. 536 Dust Veil” Geophysical Research Letters 35 (2008), L04708.

Lavigne, F., et al, “Source of the Great A.D. 1257 Mystery Eruption Unveiled, Samalas Volcano, Rinjani Volcanic Complex, Indonesia” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (2013), 16742-16747.

Lebecq, S., “L'homme au péril de l'eau dans les plaines littorales des anciens pays-bas au début du moyen âge” in B. Bennassar ed., Le catastrophes naturelles dans l'Europe médiéval et moderne (Presses Universitaires de Mirail, 1996), 27-42.

Lelieveld, J., et al, “Climate change and impacts in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East” Climate Change 114 (2012), 667–687.

Lewit, T., “Pigs, Presses and Pastoralism: Farming in the Fifth to Sixth Centuries AD” Early Medieval Europe 17 (2009), 77-91.

Little, L. ed., Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541-750 (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Little, L., “Plague Historians in Lab Coats” Past and Present 213 (2011), 267-290.

Lorito, S., et al, “Earthquake-Generated Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea: Scenarios of Potential Threats to Southern Italy” Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (2008), B01301.

Love, Tom, ‘Population Movement after Natural Disasters: A Literature Review and Assessment of Christchurch Data’, Sapere Research Group, 2011 < [accessed 5 December 2016]

Lucas, A., Wind, Water, Work: Ancient and Medieval Milling Technology (Brill, 2005).

Luterbacher, J., et al, "A Review of 2000 Years of Paleoclimatic Evidence in the Mediterranean" in P. Leonello ed., The Climate of the Mediterranean Region: From the Past to the Future (2012), 87-185.

Macfarlane, R., “Vesuvian Narratives: Collisions and Collusions of Man and Volcano” in eds., G. De Simone and R. Macfarlane, Apolline Project, Vol. 1: Studies on Vesuvius’ North Slope and the Bay of Naples (Brigham Young. University, 2009), 103-121.

Magnusson R., and P. Squatriti, "The Technologies of Water in Medieval Italy" in P. Squatriti ed., Working with Water in Medieval Europe: Technology and Resource Use (Brill, 2000), 217-266.

Manning, S., “The Roman World and Climate: Context, Relevance of Climate Change, and Some Issues” in W. Harris The Ancient Mediterranean Environment Between Science and History (Brill 2013), 103-172.

Maramai, Alessandra, Beatriz Brizuela, and Laura Graziani, ‘The Euro-Mediterranean Tsunami Catalogue’, Annals of Geophysics, 57 (2014), S0435

Martini, P., et al, “Geological Evidence for Paleotsunamis along Eastern Sicily (Italy): An Overview” Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 12 (2012), 2569-2580.

Matthewman, Steve, Disasters, Risks and Revelation: Making Sense of Our Times (Springer, 2015)

Mays, S., et al, “Palaeopathological and Biomolecular Study of Tuberculosis in a Medieval Skeletal Collection from England” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 114 (2001), pp. 298-311.

McAnany, Patricia A., and Norman Yoffee, eds., Questioning Collapse (Cambridge University Press, 2010)

McCormick, M., “History’s changing climate: climate science, genomics, and the emerging consilient approach to interdisciplinary history” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 42 (2011), 251–273.

McCormick, M., et al, "Climate Change During and After the Roman Empire: Reconstructing the Past from Scientific and Historic Evidence" Journal of Interdisciplinary History 43 (2012), 169-220.

McCormick, M., et al, "Volcanoes and the Climate Forcing of Carolingian Europe, A.D. 750-950" Speculum 82 (2007), 865-895.

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